5-1 What is Energy

Question Answer
What is energy? The ability to do work.
What is Kinetic Energy? The energy of an object that is due to the object's motion.
What is Potential Energy? The energy that an object has because of the position, shape, or condition of the object.
What is Mechanical Energy? The amount of work an object can do because of the object's kinetic and potential energies.
What is Thermal Energy? Kinetic Energy due to the random motion of the particles that make up an object.
What is Chemical Energy? The energy of a compound that changes as its atoms are rearranged.
What is Electrical Energy? The energy of moving electrons.
What does sound energy consist of? Vibrations carried through the air.
What is Light Energy? Produced by vibrations of electrically charged particles
Where does nucleur energy come from? Energy that comes from change in the nucleus of an atom.
What two factors determine gravitational potential energy? Weight and Height
Thermal energy and sound energy can be considered types of __________ energy. Kinetic
__________ energy is the sum of kinetic energy and potential energy Mechanical
Chemical energy, electrical energy, and nucleur energy can be considered forms of ____________ energy. Potential

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