BC Science 9 Chapter 5

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The stages of life for a cell Cell Cycle
Cells carry out life functions Interphase
Divides the cell's nucleus into two equal parts Mitosis
Separates two nuclei and cell sat_flash_1s into two daughter cells Cytokinesis
DNA makes an identical copy of itself Replication
Joins sister chromatids together Centromere
Half of a double stranded chromosome Chromatid
Chromosomes become visible; nuclear membrane disappears Prophase
Chromosomes line up along the equator Metaphase
Sister chromatids separate to the poles Anaphase
Nuclear membrane forms around two new nuclei Telophase
Attaches to centrioles and centromere; can contract Spindle fibers
Organize the spindle fibers during prophase Centrioles
Final stage of cell division Cytokinesis
Forms during cytokinesis in plant cells Cell plate
In animal cells, the cell membrane _________ together during cytokinesis Pinches
Uncontrolled cell division Cancer
Collection of undifferentiated cells Tumour
Spreading of cancer cells Metastasis
Identical genetic copy of a parent Clone
One parent required to produce an offspring Asexual reproduction
Single cell organism dividing into two equal parts Binary fission
Growth of tissue of of a parent; genetically identical Budding
Broken off part of an organism may develop into a clone of the parent Fragmentation
Runners, shoots, cuttings, grafting Vegetative reproduction
Reproductive cell that can grow into an organism Spore formation
Have potential to become different cell types Stem cells

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