atmospere and fronts

Question Answer
which 2 gasses make up most the atmosphere nitrogen and oxygen
the layers of the atmosphere are… troposphere, stratosphere,mesosphere, exosphere
__________ air pressure at sea level 14.7
as you increase in altitude you decrease in.. air pressure
air has _____ and takes up __________ weight space
strong wind big differents in air pressure
Barometer mesure air pressure
little wind little differents in air pressure
the 3 clould formactions are lifting frontal convection
winds that blow between 30 and 60 degrees prevailing westerlies
blow between 30 north to 30 south trade winds
anemometer tool that measures wind speed
wind/weather vane measure wind direction
the center of a tornado and hurrican is called the eye
huricansform over what water tropical water
a hurrican swirls counterclockwise
fujita scale a system to measure the strength of a tornados
a violet thunder storm is a _________ supercell
updraft warm,humid air that rises into the clouds
sientest who studys the weather sre known as medierologist
weather forcasters are able to track storm with electronics like sablite
when a cold air mass and a warm air mass meet it creates a _____ front
the national weather service have a system of powerful _____ used to colect weather data and make weather maps radar
fronts,air pressure system and temperature simbles
an electric current passing between cloulds caused by a thunderstorm lightning
a spining funnel shaped clould part of a storm called a tornado
an ocean formed storm, the most powerful on earth, is a ________ hurrican
a vertical tube of spinning air msocyclon
a rating system for the strength of tornado fugita scal
_________________ ____________ fuels a hurrican tropical water

Seventh Grade Science Set 5

Question Answer
Medium A substance that makes it possible for energy to transfer from one location to another.
Mechanical Wave A type of wave that requires a medium. Examples include water waves and sound waves.
Refraction The bending of light as is passes from one substance to another.
Energy The ability to do work or cause change.
Mass The amount of material a substance or object has. Common measuring units include milligrams, grams and kilograms.
Volume The amount of space taken up by an object or substance. Common measuring units include milliliters, liters and cubic centimeters.
Matter Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Infrared Light A portion of the electromagnetic spectrum that is below or has longer wavelengths than visible red light. Human eyes can’t see it, but it is evident by heat that is given off by objects.
Ultraviolet The portion of the electromagnetic spectrum that is above or has shorter wavelengths than violet light. Human eyes can’t see it, but it causes sunburns.
Visible Light The portion (or colors) of the electromagnetic spectrum that can be seen by the eye.

Chapter 5 Review midterm 2013

Question Answer
person who agrees to work without pay for a period of time in exchange for a boat trip to the colonies Indentured Servant
the buying and selling of enslaved people slave trade
a worker with a special skill, such as a carpenter or shoemaker Artisan
a job that helps people ex. doctor, mail carrier, teacher service
a person who buys and sells goods to make money merchant
a large piece of land owned by one landowner manor
made up of the people and laws that run a place such as a colony, city, state, or country government
a person who works with a more experienced person to learn a skill apprentice
these people migrated to New Paltz from France in 1678 to find religious freedom Huguenots
Why did the African population increase in New York in the 1700's? because the slaves were being brought over in ships from Africa
This group introduce ice skating to New York The Dutch
What did children usually do during the time they were not in school? worked as Apprentices
When and how often did people bathe? baths once a week
Place where New York's first chocolate factory was built Albany
He owned a large manor south of Albany Robert Livingston
These people migrated to an old Dutch town they called Rhinebeck Germans
How many months per year did colonial children usually attend school? 3 months
How were schools funded in Colonial New York? Families had to pay the teacher
What was the most common way merchants made a living in Colonial New York? trading goods
In what ways did different cultures influence life in New York? Give one example of a culture's influence in NY. People influence language, foods, house styles, music, and stories. The Dutch brought the sport of ice skating to New York.
Colonists in New York made a living in a variety of ways. Give details to support this idea. People worked in service jobs; produced goods such as wheat, beef, and wood; worked as merchants; opened inns; and worked as artisans, printers, blacksmiths, or hatters.
How did English control of New York change education for children? Children spent less time in school. There were no free public schools. Classes were taught in English rather that Dutch.

Human Anatomy Intro PF/SF

Question Answer
append- appendix
cardi- heart
cran- skull; helmet
dors- back
homeo- same; unchanging
-logy study of
meta- change
nas- nose
orb- eye
pariet- wall
pelv- pelvis
peri- surrounding
pleur- pleura
-stasis slowing
super- above; beyond
-tomy act of cutting
Cytology The branch of biology concerned with the structure and function of plant and animal cells.
Dermatology The branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of skin disorders.
Endocrinology The branch of physiology and medicine concerned with endocrine glands and hormones.
Gastroenterology The branch of medicine that deals with disorders of the stomach and intestines.
Geriatrics The branch of medicine or social science dealing with the health and care of old people.
Gerontology The scientific study of old age, the process of aging, and the particular problems of old people.
Gynecology The branch of physiology and medicine that deals with the functions and diseases specific to women and girls, esp. those affecting the reproductive system.
Hematology The study of the physiology of the blood.
Histology The study of microscopic structure of tissues.
Immunology The branch of medicine and biology concerned with immunity.
Neonatology The study of pediatrics that consists of the medical care of newborn infants, especially the ill or premature newborn infant.
Nephrology The branch of medicine that deals with the physiology and diseases of the kidneys.
Neurology The branch of medicine or biology that deals with the anatomy, functions, and organic disorders of nerves and the nervous system.
Obstetrics The branch of medicine and surgery concerned with childbirth and the care of women giving birth.
Oncology The study and treatment of tumors.
Ophthalmology The branch of medicine concerned with the study and treatment of disorders and diseases of the eye.
Orthopedics The branch of medicine dealing with the correction of deformities of bones or muscles.
Otolaryngology The study of diseases of the ear and throat.
Pathology The science of the causes and effects of diseases, esp. the branch of medicine that deals with the laboratory examination of samples of body tissue for diagnostic or forensic purposes.
Pediatrics The branch of medicine dealing with children and their diseases.
Pharmacology The branch of medicine concerned with the uses, effects, and modes of action of drugs.
Podiatry The treatment of the feet and their ailments.
Psychiatry The study and treatment of mental illness, emotional disturbance, and abnormal behavior.
Radiology The science dealing with X-rays and other high-energy radiation, esp. the use of such radiation for the diagnosis and treatment of disease.
Toxicology The branch of science concerned with the nature, effects, and detection of poisons.
Urology The branch of medicine and physiology concerned with the function and disorders of the urinary system.
cardiology study of the heart

Plate Tectonics (Tabat)

Question Answer
Where would you most likely find evidence of earthquakes throughout Earth's history? along fault lines
What idea does NOT provide evidence for continental drift? the oceanic plate theory
What did Wegener think the one large continent was called? Pangaea
What is the discovery that supports the idea of fossils of the same age and from the same species found on two different continents? continental drift theory
Where has evidence for sea-floor spreading come from? magnetic minerals on the ocean floor
Where does sea-floor spreading take place? mid-ocean ridges
What is a boundary? the area where two tectonic plates meet
What is a convergent boundary? a boundary that is formed when plates collide
What is a divergent boundary? a boundary that is formed when plates separate
What is a transform boundary? a boundary that is formed when plates slide past each other
What have magnetic reversals helped to support? sea-floor spreading
What do plate tectonics support? the vast majority of earthquakes and volcanic activity in the world occurs along plate boundaries
What will landmasses splitting apart most likely cause? a greater diversity in animal populations
If elephants are native to Africa and Asia, what would best explain why elephants are not native to India? India broke away from Africa 20 million years ago
What idea supports continental drift? fossilized remains of the same plants and animals are found on different continents
What type of rock is most closely associated with volcanic activity, plate tectonics & sea-floor spreading? igneous rock
Why was Wegener's Continental Drift Theory not widely accepted by scientists of his time? He couldn't explain how the continents could move horizontally. He was also a meteorologist, not a geologist.
How are magnetic stripes on the ocean floor formed? Magma wells up at mid-ocean ridges; magma cools; minerals in the igneous rock line up with the magnetic poles creating a striped symmetrical pattern
Why are magnetic stripes on the ocean floor significant? it provides support for theory of sea floor spreading

BC Science 9 Chapter 5

Question Answer
The stages of life for a cell Cell Cycle
Cells carry out life functions Interphase
Divides the cell's nucleus into two equal parts Mitosis
Separates two nuclei and cell sat_flash_1s into two daughter cells Cytokinesis
DNA makes an identical copy of itself Replication
Joins sister chromatids together Centromere
Half of a double stranded chromosome Chromatid
Chromosomes become visible; nuclear membrane disappears Prophase
Chromosomes line up along the equator Metaphase
Sister chromatids separate to the poles Anaphase
Nuclear membrane forms around two new nuclei Telophase
Attaches to centrioles and centromere; can contract Spindle fibers
Organize the spindle fibers during prophase Centrioles
Final stage of cell division Cytokinesis
Forms during cytokinesis in plant cells Cell plate
In animal cells, the cell membrane _________ together during cytokinesis Pinches
Uncontrolled cell division Cancer
Collection of undifferentiated cells Tumour
Spreading of cancer cells Metastasis
Identical genetic copy of a parent Clone
One parent required to produce an offspring Asexual reproduction
Single cell organism dividing into two equal parts Binary fission
Growth of tissue of of a parent; genetically identical Budding
Broken off part of an organism may develop into a clone of the parent Fragmentation
Runners, shoots, cuttings, grafting Vegetative reproduction
Reproductive cell that can grow into an organism Spore formation
Have potential to become different cell types Stem cells

Chapter 11

Question Answer
Mixture Two or more types of matter mixed but KEEP properties
Chemical Change Change produces NEW matter with different properties
Element Substance made up of only one type of matter
Atom Smallest particle of an element
Physical Change Change that begins and ends with the SAME type of matter
Compound Two or more types of matter joined and lose their properties
Filter Tool to separate by size
All chemical changes involve Energy
A chemical change's product is called a Compound
Crumpling a piece of paper is an example of a
___________ change known as a change in texture
Physical
Each _________ has a shorthand symbol for it's name. Element
Name examples of a mixture: Kool-aid, salt water, spaghetti and snack mix
Name some everyday compounds: Salt, sugar, carbon dioxide, water, and rust
What are the 5 types of physical changes: Size, shape, position, texture, and state
List 2 ways that mixtures can be separated: Evaporation & filter
What is the symbol for Nitrogen? N
What is the symbol for Carbon? C
Pb is the symbol for which element? Lead
Ag is the symbol for which element? Silver
What is the symbol for Argon? Ar
What is the symbol for Oxygen? O
He is the symbol for which element? Helium
What compound is made when you combine hydrogen, oxygen and carbon? Sugar
What compound is made when you combine hydrogen and oxygen? Water
What type of change is popcorn popping? Physical Change
What type of change is sweat evaporation? Physical Change
What type of change is water vapor into clouds? Physical Change
What type of change is raking leaves? Physical Change
What type of change is cutting cookies? Physical Change
What type of change is statues destroyed by acid rain? Chemical Change
What type of change is toasting marshmallows? Chemical Change
What type of change is making sugar? Chemical Change
What type of change is making salt? Chemical Change

vocabulary words 5th grade

Question Answer
Simple Machines A tool that makes work easier; has few or no moving parts.
Inertia An object will remain at rest or in motion unless it is acted on by a force
Accelerate To start to move, speed up, slow down, stop or change directions.
Unbalanced Forces Forces that have a net force or a net force that is not zero; one force greater than the other.
Momentum The product of the mass & velocity of an object; How hard it is to slow down or stop an object
Friction A force that opposes, or acts against, motion when 2 surfaces rub against each other; a force that acts on an object to slow or stop it.
Gravity The force that pulls things toward Earth.
Compound Machine Machine made from more than one simple machine.
Balanced Forces Forces that have a net force of zero. Equal & opposite forces (cancel each other)
Energy The capacity to do work – move muscles, operate machines, cook meals, heat rooms.
Speed A measurement of distance over a period of time.
Force A push or pull of an object.
Inclined Plane A flat surface that is slanted
Pulley A rope that is threaded through a wheel or disk.
Fulcrum Point where a lever pivots
Wheel and Axle A shaft attached to the center of a wheel
Action Force The 1st Force; Newton's Third Law
Reaction Force the force that pushes or pulls back; Newton's Third Law
Newton's 1st Law An object at rest will remain at rest & an object moving will continue in a straight line unless acted on by an outside force.
Newton's 2nd Law The change in an object's motion depends on its mass and the force acting on it.
Newton's 3rd Law For every action, there is an equal and opposite reation.
Position The location of an object
Net force The result of 2 or more forces acting on an object. Measured in Newtons.
Magnetism The force of repulsion (pushing) or attraction (pulling) between poles of magnets.
Work The use of a force to move an object through a distance.
Joule Unit of work.
Power The amount of work done for each unit of time.
Watt Unit of power.

ashley elliott

Question Answer
what are the 4 possible effects of friction on objects? generate heat, slow down, stop, and not move at all
why does a soccer ball slow down when it rolls? friction
friction is_________ between rough surfaces than between smooth surfaces greater
the force of attraction between two objects is called _________. gravity
gravity causes falling objects to __________. speed up
what two things does the strength of gravitational force depend on? the mass and the distance between objects
gravitational force is stronger when objects are________ to each other. closer
gravitational force is stronger when objects have ______mass. more
why does a person weigh more on earth than on the moon? earth has a greater mass than the moon
what attracts objects to a magnet? the magnetic force in the magnetic field surrounding the magnet
what are the two ends of a magnet called? poles
describe how a compass can help you find direction? a compass is a magnet. Its north pole {needles} always points down to the north
what two forces act equally on a object but in opposite directions, the object__________ ___________. dosent move
when you add the total of all the forces acting on an object, you get the_____ _____. net force
the force if water pushing up on an object is called the __________. buoyant force
when you go down a slide, what force is acting on you to make you move? gravity
when you go down a slide, what force is acting on you to make you move? gravity
what force is acting to slow you down on a slide? friction
when the force if gravity ids equal to the force of friction, why will happen? the object will stop moving
what is the difference between balanced and unbalanced forces? unbalanced forces causes motion.
balanced forces does not cause things to move.
what affects how an object moves? net force
what is the net force when forces are balanced? zero
what force pushes up on you in water? buoyant force
a buoyant force acts in ___________ from weight? opposite
what is weight? measure of the gravity pulling down on you
what will happen if the buoyant force is equal to or greater than the weight of the water you push aside? you will float
what will happen the buoyant force is lass than the weight of water you push aside? you will sink
what means using a force to move an object? work
if a force is applied and an object does not move, is work being done? no
what is anything that makes work easier? simple machine
what are the 2 parts of a lever and what do they do? arm-bar that you move
fulcrum-is the balance point that stays still
give an example of a lever. hammer
give an example of an inclined plane. stairs
what is made of two or more simple machines? compound machine
how do compound machines help make work easier? less force on a greater distance

Force

Question Answer
What are the 4 possible effects of friction on object?, Heat, slow down, stop, and oppose motion
Why does a soccer ball slow down when it rolls Friction causes the soccer ball to slow down when it rolls.
Friction is _________ between rough surfaces than between smooth surface? Greater
The force of attraction between two objects is called: Gravity
Gravity causes falling objects to: Speed-up
What two things does the strengh of gravitational force depend on? The distance between two objects and mass.
Gravitational force is stronger when object are____________ each other. Attract
Gravitational force is stronger when object have _______ mass. More
Why does a person weigh more on Earth than on the moon? Earth as more mass than the moon.
What attracts objects to a magnet? Magnetic Force
Describe how a compass can help you find direction. A compass can help you find direction by the Magnetic forces in the air.
Part 4: Balance and Unbalanced Forces
What two forces act equally on an object but in opposite direction, the object ______ Doesn't move
When you add the total of all of the forces acting on an object, you get ______ Net Forces
The force of water pushing up on the an object is ________ Buoyant Force
When you go down a slide, what force is acting on you to make you move. Gravity
What force is acting to slow you down on a slide? Friction
When the force of gravity is equal to the fou in force of friction, what will happen? The object will stop moving.
What is the difference between balanced and unbalanced forces? Balance is forces that cancel each other out and unbalance forces that don't cancel each other.
What affects how an object moves? Net Force
What is the net force when the forces are balanced? The net force is zero.
What results when force are unbalanced? Motion
What force pushes up on you in water? Buoyant Force
A buoyant force act in the ______from weight Opposite direction
What is weight? Weight is the measure of gravity pulling down on you.
What will happen if the buoyant force is equal to or greater than the weight of the water you push aside? It will cause to float.
What will happen the buoyant force is less than the weight of water you push aside? It would cause the water to go down faster.
Part 5:Work and Simple Machine
What means using a force to move an object? Work means using a force to move an object.
If a force is applied and an objectth does not move, is work being done? No
What is anything that makes work easier? Sea-saw
What are two parts of a lever and what do they do? The lever has two parts: Lever arm and the fulcrum. Lever arm is what you hold. The Fulcrum is the balance point that supports the bar.
Give an example of the lever. See-saw
Give an example of an incline plane. Slide
What can a pulley help you witht? Lift a heavy item from the ground.
Give an example of a wheel-and -axle? Clock
What is made of two or more simple machine? Compound Machine
How do compound machine help make work easily? Compound machine uses less force.