1/24/12

Question Answer
a system of measurement used by the majority of countries on earth metric system
the basic unit of length in the SI system meter
the basic unit of volume in the SI system liter
the measurement of the amount of volume something contains mass
the amount of space something takes up volume
the basic unit of mass in the SI systam kilogram
When, why and who invented the metric system in the 1790's, by french scientists, so that there would be a universal way of measuring something
What is the SI system Based on 10
intrument used to measure volume in liquids and irregular objects gradulated cylender
what is the scientific method in the correct order 1. ask a question/problem 2. form hypothesis 3. test hypothesis/experiment 4. data analysis 5. draw conclusions
what are the three keys to a good experiment 1. make sure its fain (one variable) 2. measurable 3. test many times
what is the building block of all living things cells
are cells found in non-living matter no because they are the build up of living things
what two things are regulated in your body temperature and waste
cells come from ___ ___ ___. other living cells

List of vocab word that mrs. McCann’s class needs to study for upcoming quiz

Question Answer
The partial or total blocking of one object in space by another Eclipse
one of the different apparent shapes of moon as seen from earth Phases
the blocking of sunlight to earth that occurs when the moon is directly between the sun and earth Solar eclipse
The darkest part of a shadow Umbra
the part of a shadow surrounding the darkest part of the shadow Penumbra
the blocking of sunlight to the moon that occurs when earth is directly between the sun and the moon Lunar eclipse
the periodic rise and fall of the level of water in the ocean Tides
the tide with the greatest diffrence between consecutive low and high tides Spring tide
the tides with the least difference between consecutive low and high tides Neap tides

Vocabulary chapter 6

Question Answer
Yellow journalism When someone picture frames you and talks about something that's not true about you.
Spanish american war A war between the united states and spain in 1898 in which the united states gained Spanish terriory.
Rough riders soldiers led by Theodore roosevelt
Buffalo soldiers These people chosen to go to Cuba to fight were several units of experience African americans
Yellow journalism When someone picture frames you and talks about something that's not true about you.
Spanish american war A war between the united states and spain in 1898 in which the united states gained Spanish terriory.
Rough riders soldiers led by Theodore roosevelt
Buffalo soldiers These people chosen to go to Cuba to fight were several units of experience African americans
Yellow journalism When someone picture frames you and talks about something that's not true about you.
Spanish american war A war between the united states and spain in 1898 in which the united states gained Spanish terriory.
Rough riders soldiers led by Theodore roosevelt
Buffalo soldiers These people chosen to go to Cuba to fight were several units of experience African americans
isthmus This is a narrow stripe of lands that connects two lare areas.
trust A Large company with power to drive out the competition industry.
Word war I A war fought from 1914 to 1918 between the central and allied powers. The united states joined the allied powers in 1917 helped them to victory
progressives Reformers who worked to stop unfair practices by businesses and imporove the way government works.
nationalism Love of country's and the desire to have one's country free from the control of another.
muckraker A writer or journalist of the early 1900s who uncovered shameful conditions in business and other areas of american life.
alliance agreement along nations to defend one another.
blue laws Laws introduced by progressives in the early 1900 designed to solve social problems such as alcohol abuse
isolationism policy in which a nation prefers to remain neutral and let other countries handle their own affairs.
Word war I A war fought from 1914 to 1918 between the central and allied powers. The united states joined the allied powers in 1917 helped them to victory
treaty of versailles Treaty sigh in 1919 that ended World war I.
nationalism Love of country's and the desire to have one's country free from the control of another.
Yellow journalism When someone picture frames you and talks about something that's not true about you.
Spanish american war A war between the united states and spain in 1898 in which the united states gained Spanish terriory.
Yellow journalism When someone picture frames you and talks about something that's not true about you.
Spanish american war A war between the united states and spain in 1898 in which the united states gained Spanish terriory.
Rough riders soldiers led by Theodore roosevelt
Buffalo soldiers These people chosen to go to Cuba to fight were several units of experience African americans
isthmus This is a narrow stripe of lands that connects two lare areas.
trust A Large company with power to drive out the competition industry.
progressives Reformers who worked to stop unfair practices by businesses and imporove the way government works.
progressives Reformers who worked to stop unfair practices by businesses and imporove the way government works.
muckraker A writer or journalist of the early 1900s who uncovered shameful conditions in business and other areas of american life.
muckraker A writer or journalist of the early 1900s who uncovered shameful conditions in business and other areas of american life.
blue laws Laws introduced by progressives in the early 1900 designed to solve social problems such as alcohol abuse
blue laws Laws introduced by progressives in the early 1900 designed to solve social problems such as alcohol abuse
Word war I A war fought from 1914 to 1918 between the central and allied powers. The united states joined the allied powers in 1917 helped them to victory
Word war I A war fought from 1914 to 1918 between the central and allied powers. The united states joined the allied powers in 1917 helped them to victory
nationalism Love of country's and the desire to have one's country free from the control of another.
alliance agreement along nations to defend one another.
isolationism policy in which a nation prefers to remain neutral and let other countries handle their own affairs.
league of nations International organization formed after world war I to prevent wars.
treaty of versailles Treaty sigh in 1919 that ended World war I.
treaty of versailles Treaty sigh in 1919 that ended World war I.
Yellow journalism When someone picture frames you and talks about something that's not true about you.
Spanish american war A war between the united states and spain in 1898 in which the united states gained Spanish terriory.
Rough riders soldiers led by Theodore roosevelt
Buffalo soldiers These people chosen to go to Cuba to fight were several units of experience African americans
isthmus This is a narrow stripe of lands that connects two lare areas.
trust A Large company with power to drive out the competition industry.
progressives Reformers who worked to stop unfair practices by businesses and imporove the way government works.
muckraker A writer or journalist of the early 1900s who uncovered shameful conditions in business and other areas of american life.
blue laws Laws introduced by progressives in the early 1900 designed to solve social problems such as alcohol abuse
Word war I A war fought from 1914 to 1918 between the central and allied powers. The united states joined the allied powers in 1917 helped them to victory
nationalism Love of country's and the desire to have one's country free from the control of another.
alliance agreement along nations to defend one another.
isolationism policy in which a nation prefers to remain neutral and let other countries handle their own affairs.
league of nations International organization formed after world war I to prevent wars.
treaty of versailles Treaty sigh in 1919 that ended World war I.

vocabulary

Question subject
ecology the study of the enteractions among and none living things in the invirement
populations populations the next level of organizism is a a group of organizisms of the same speices area form a populations
carrying capcity the number of indivuals that an enviroment can support
commnuity a gruop of diffrent populations that live in the same area
living
ecology the study of the enteractions among and none living things in the invirement
populations populations the next level of organizism is a a group of organizisms of the same speices area form a populations
carrying capcity the number of indivuals that an enviroment can support
commnuity a gruop of diffrent populations that live in the same area
living
commnuity a gruop of diffrent populations that live in the same area
living
ecology the study of the enteractions among and none living things in the invirement
populations populations the next level of organizism is a a group of organizisms of the same speices area form a populations
carrying capcity the number of indivuals that an enviroment can support
commnuity a gruop of diffrent populations that live in the same area
living
abiotic non living
abiotic non living
succession the proccess by which a community changes over time
ecsystem the interactions among the populations of a community and the non living thire enviroment
pollution anything added to the inviroment that is harmful .
acid rain rain that is caused by pollution and is harmful because it is acidic .
succession the proccess by which a community changes over time
endangered are almost no animals left of the spieces
climax community a community that changes little over time
extinct there dead for ever
pollution anything added to the inviroment that is harmful .
biome an ecosystem found over a large geograghic area
acid rain rain that is caused by pollution and is harmful because it is acidic .
threatened fewer of a spieces than there used to be .
resource a thing that a organizism use to live
endangered are almost no animals left of the spieces
renewable resources resorces that are replaced by nature
extinct there dead for ever
biome an ecosystem found over a large geograghic area
resource a thing that a organizism use to live
renewable resources resorces that are replaced by nature
none renewable resources resources that can not be replaced
fossil fuels fuels formed millions of years ago from the remains of plants and animals
biosphere thepart of earth were living things can exist
abiotic non living
ecsystem the interactions among the populations of a community and the non living thire enviroment
succession the proccess by which a community changes over time
climax community a community that changes little over time
abiotic non living
ecsystem the interactions among the populations of a community and the non living thire enviroment
abiotic non living
abiotic non living
ecsystem the interactions among the populations of a community and the non living thire enviroment
ecsystem the interactions among the populations of a community and the non living thire enviroment
succession the proccess by which a community changes over time
pollution anything added to the inviroment that is harmful .
succession the proccess by which a community changes over time
climax community a community that changes little over time
climax community a community that changes little over time
resource a thing that a organizism use to live
pollution anything added to the inviroment that is harmful .
pollution anything added to the inviroment that is harmful .
acid rain rain that is caused by pollution and is harmful because it is acidic .
acid rain rain that is caused by pollution and is harmful because it is acidic .
threatened fewer of a spieces than there used to be .
threatened fewer of a spieces than there used to be .
biome an ecosystem found over a large geograghic area
endangered are almost no animals left of the spieces
endangered are almost no animals left of the spieces
extinct there dead for ever
resource a thing that a organizism use to live
extinct there dead for ever
biome an ecosystem found over a large geograghic area
resource a thing that a organizism use to live
biome an ecosystem found over a large geograghic area
fossil fuels fuels formed millions of years ago from the remains of plants and animals
none renewable resources resources that can not be replaced
resource a thing that a organizism use to live
biosphere thepart of earth were living things can exist
renewable resources resorces that are replaced by nature
none renewable resources resources that can not be replaced
fossil fuels fuels formed millions of years ago from the remains of plants and animals
biosphere thepart of earth were living things can exist
omnivore a consumer that eats both plants and animals
pyramid of numbers diagram that compares the sizes of popualations at diffrent levels at a food chain
food web all the food chains in a community that are linked to one another
energy pyramid adiagram that compares the amounts of energy avialble to popualations at diffrent levels of a food chain

Neuroscience flashcards for quizzes

Question Answer
Meter close to 3 feet
Centimeter 1/100th of a meter… width of little finger
Millimeter 1/1000th of a meter… thickness toenail
Micrometer um…1/1,000,000 of a meter… near limit light microscope
Nanometer 1/1,000,000,000th of a meter… near limit of electron microscope
Axon up to one meter long or more
Dendrites rarely more than 2mm long
Synapse 20-25 nm wide
DNA Strand Long! but 2nm wide
Potential energy stored capacity to kick matter into motion
Force operation of such energy… F=ma
Kinetic energy energy expressed in motion
2nd law of thermodynamics within a closed system…
randomness increases over time
matter and energy become more randomly dist.
things run energetically downhill toward less organized
energy that could be used and controlled will become less useful and controllable
nucleons protons and neutrons… make up nucleus

vocab

Question Answer
spin rotation
orbit revoluton
different times of the year summer, winter, spring, fall seasons
is the angle between an object's rotational axis, and its orbital axis, or, equivalently, the angle between its equatorial plane and orbital plane. axial tilt
An eclipse in which the moon appears darkened as it passes into the earth's shadow lunar eclipse
An eclipse in which the sun is obscured by the moon solar eclipse
a less than average tide occurring at the first and third quarters of the moon neap tide
highest tide there is spring tide
moon is closest to the sun. also known as no moon new moon
we see a full white moon. moon is opposite of the sun full moon
right half of the moon is lit. creates a neap tide first quarter
left half of the moon is lit. creates a neap tide third quarter
Have a progressively larger part of its visible surface illuminated, increasing its apparent size. waxing
Have a progressively smaller part of its visible surface illuminated, so that it appears to decrease in size waning
moon looks like a banana. the right side is lit
inbetween new moon and first quarter
waxing crescent
almost a full circle but not there yet. in between a first quarter and full moon waxing gibbous
like a waxing crescent just the left side is lit. in between a third quarter and new moon waning crescent
like a waxing gibbous just the left side is lit waning gibbous
A long body of water curling into an arched form and breaking on the shore wave
The alternate rising and falling of the sea tide
The dark central part of a sunspot. umbra
The shadow cast by the earth or moon over an area experiencing a partial eclipse penumbre
An eclipse in which the whole of the disk of the sun or moon is obscured. total eclipse
an eclipse in which the eclipsed body is only partially obscured partial eclipse
the north star. Earth's axis points to the star polaris

The basics of Genetics

Question Answer
Traits Phiyical Characteristics
Heredity The passing of traits from parents to offspring
Genetics Scientific study of Heredity
Pruebred One that always produces offspring with the same form of a trait as the parents (homozygous)
Genes Factors that control traits (a portion of DNA)
Alleles Different forms of a gene (one for short and for tall)
Dominate Alleles one whoes trait always shows up in an Organism when the allele is [resent (upper case letter)
Recessive Allele One whose trait is masked or covered up when the dominate allele is present(lower case)
Hybrid An organism that has 2 different alleles for trait ; is hederozygous
Probibility The Chance
Punnet Square Chart that shows all the possible combinations of alleles that can result from a genetic cross
Phenotype physical appearance or visible trait that you can see in the person
Genotype organism's genetic makeup or allele combination this you can't see
Homoaygous 2 identical, either dominate or recessive, alleles for a trait
Heterozygous has 2 different alleles for a trait, an upper case letter and lower case (hybrid)
Codoninance Alleles are neither dominate or recessive,as a result neither allele is masked (results would be a mixed fur)
Meiosis Process where the nuumber of chromosomes is reduced by half in order to form sex cells
Mutation change in chromosomes or gene
Multiple Alleles or more forms of a code for a single trait (for example blood type
Sex Linked Genes X and Y chromosomes
Karyotype picture of all the chromosomes arranged in pairs
How many PAIRS of Chromosomes does the body have? 23
How many Chromosomes does the body have? 46
How many chromosomes does a sex cell have? 23 individual
Diploid 2 complete sets of the chromosomes in the human body
Haploid Number of unpaired chromosomes in a sex cell
Cloning Off spring completely identical to the parent
DNA the Hereditary materials made up of chromosomes
Cell Division Results in 2 identical daughter cells identical to the parent cells
Father of genetics Gregor Mendel

Vocabulary

Question Answer
What is it to act upon or with something? Interact
What is the study of the interactions among living things and the nonliving things in their environment? Ecology
What is it to act upon or with something? Interact
What is the study of the interactions among living things and the nonliving things in their environment? Ecology
What do you call a place that an organism lives in? Habitat
What is a group of organisms of the same species that lives in the same area called? Population
What does biotic mean? Living
What do you call abiotic? Nonliving
What is a group of different populations that live in the same area called? Community
What is the interactions among the populations of a community and the nonliving things in their environment called? Ecosystem
What is the number of individuals that an environment can support called? Carrying capacity
What is a group of different populations that live in the same area called? Community
What is the process by which a community changes over time? Succession
What is the number of individuals that an environment can support called? Carrying capacity
What is the process by which a community changes over time? Succession
What is a community that changes little over time called? Climax community
When you add anything to the environment that is harmful to living things what do you call this? Pollution
What is acid rain? Rain that is caused by pollution and is harmful to organisms because it is acidic.
If their are fewer of a species than there used to be what is this called? Threatened
If their are almost no animals left of a certain species what is this called? Endangered
If all the members of a species are dead what is that called? Extinct
What is an ecosystem found over a large geographic area called? Biome
What is a thing that an organism uses to live? Resource
What are resources that are replaced by nature called? Renewable resource
What are resources that cannot be replaced called? Nonrenewable
What are fossil fuels? Fuels formed millions of years ago from the remains of plants and animals.
What is the part of earth where living things can exist? Biosphere
What is a food chain? The feeding order of organisms in a community.
What do you call a organism that makes its own food? Producer
What is a consumer? An organism that feeds on other organisms.
What do you call a consumer that eats both plants and animals? Omnivore
What's the pyramid of numbers? A diagram that compares the sizes of populations at different levels of a food chain.
What is a food web? All the food chains in a community that are linked to one another.
What is a energy pyrimid? A diagram that compares the amounts of energy available to the populations at different levels of a food chain.

Biogeography

Question Answer
Biogeography The study of where organisms live.
Continental drift As the plates move, the continents move with them in a process called Continental drift
Dispersal The movement of organisms from one place to another.
Exotic species An organism that is carried into a new Location by people is referred to An exotic species.
Climate The typical weather Pattern in an area over a long period of time is the Areas climate.

Studying Populations

Question Answer
Estimate An estimate is an approximate of a number based on reasonable assumption.
Birth Rate A birth rate is a population of births.
Death Rate The death rate is the number of deaths of a certain time
Immigration Moving into a population.
Emigration Leaving a population.
Population Density The number of individuals.
Limiting Factors A environment factors.
Carrying Capacity The largest population that an area can support.