Gilman Chpt 3 Vertebrates

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Question Answer
Which is not a class of fish?
Names the groups of amphibians salamanders, caecilians, frogs and toads
Name characteristics of amphibians ectotherms, thin skin, live in water and land, breathe through lungs
What helps reptiles reduce water loss? thick skin
The vocal sac is or is not part of the amniotic egg? It is NOT
How do most reptiles breathe? lungs
How do most reptiles reproduce? internal fertilization
Are frogs and toads part of reptiles or amphibians? amphibians
Animals that can control their own body temperature are said to be what ? endotherms
Amphibians are often called what because they are sensitive to changes in the environment? ecological indicators
What big change made reptiles suited to live on land? amniotic egg
Reptiles, birds and animals have what that protects the embryo? amniotic eggs
Animals that live on land and on water are called what ? amphibians
When an immature animal form changes to an adult animal form it has gone through this? metomorphosis
What saclike organ allows amphbians to breathe? lungs
Immature frogs and toads that must live in water are called what? tadpoles
The line on boths sides of a fishes body are called what ? lateral line
When a organism depends on sources outside its body for heat they are called.. ectotherm
Animals that have a backbone are called? vertebrates
Animals that use chemical reactions in their body for heat are called? endotherms
a organ that exchanges oxygen from water with carbon dioxide from blood is called a gill
A gas filled sac used to control buoyancy? swim bladder
What are the most common reptiles? snakes and lizards
Name a fish that is a member of the largest class of fishes? goldfish
Which reptile has a narrow head and pointed snout (alligator or crocodile)? crocodile
Name a jawless fish lamprey
A cartilaginous fish does not have this? a bony skeleton
What animal looks like caecilians? earthworm
How do reptiles reproduce? internal fertizilation
Which group of reptiles have a shell? turtles and tortoises
This group has eyes and nostrils on top of their heads? crocs and gators
Name the most common reptile snakes and lizards
This reptile lives only in New Zealand tuataras

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