Microbiology Test (Tabat)

Question Answer
What type of contagion is polio? a virus
How can a single bacterium grow and reproduce exponentially? it reproduces asexually
What is the treatment of a bacterial infection? antibiotics
What would be most effective in preventing the spread of the cold virus? hand soap
What is malaria an example of? a parasitic disease
What disease can be treated by doses of medicine made from the fungus, Penicillum? strep throat
The Anopheles mosquito transmits the parasite Plasmodium to humans. Plasmodium causes malaria. In this situation, which is the vector of the disease? Anospheles mosquito
What disease does damp conditions most support the spread of? athlete's foot and malaria
What would the creation of new varieties of vaccinations and medicines most likely contribute to? antimicrobial resistance
How does a virus affect other organisms? viruses invade the cells of other organisms, using them to reproduce
What is a distinguishing characteristic describing the most parasitic diseases? they are often carried by insects or protozoa
What leads to the conclusion that strep throat is a bacterial infection? strep throat is treated with antibiotics
What would be least effective in treating an illness caused by a virus? daily treatment with antibiotics
What exhibits diversity of form, size and shape? parasites
What is the best method for preventing a parasitic disease? avoiding contaminated food and water
Why does a fungus attach to a host? the fungus acquires nutrients from the host
In which organ system of the human body would a doctor most likely find a parasite? the digestive system
In fungal infections, what characteristic makes it easy to spread but difficult to treat and prevent? fungi reproduce by spores
What situation would most favor the spread of infectious disease? overcrowding
What has made the possibility of an epidemic becoming a pandemic much more likely in the 20th century? increased global travel
What is an epidemic? the spread of disease in a small region
What is a pandemic? the spread of disease across a large region or sometimes worldwide
What will most likely lead to a disease outbreak being classified as a pandemic? a disease spreads through humans across multiple continents
What is an example of an epidemic? dengue fever in an African village
A strain of influenza originates in Southeast Asia and spreads to countries including the United States and Europe, infecting millions of individuals worldwide. What is the spread of this disease called? Epidemic, then a pandemic because it originated in one geographic area before spreading to others.
What is an example of a pandemic? In 1918, the Spanish flu caused millions of deaths worldwide
In the mid-western US, the occurrence of influenza was greater than expected. What is the spread of this disease called? an epidemic because it occurred in one region of the United States
After World War I, an outbreak of the Spanish Flu killed 50-100 million people around the world. What is the spread of this disease called? Pandemic, because it affected many individuals in multiple countries
Epidemic measles outbreaks were once common, but their occurrence has greatly diminished. Why? the measles vaccine has greatly reduced the number of viral infections
What would be the most beneficial method of preventing a malaria epidemic in Africa? increased use of pesticides
Why do doctors suggest that people get a flu vaccine each year? viruses can mutate from year to year
What is involved in creating genetically modified bacteria? using biotechnology techniques
What is the cause of malaria? a parasite
What is the best way to prevent the flu from becoming a pandemic? getting a vaccination
How can the rate of an infectious disease be drastically reduced? by preventing transmission between people
Ten people became sick with the flu after attending a school dance. What is the scenario that could best explain how the people got sick? contact with an infected person

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